Chronic kidney disease is a condition which occurs when the kidneys cannot do their job of cleaning the blood of toxins and waste products. Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure. Over 40% of people with Type 1 diabetes develop severe kidney disease by the age of 50. Other risk factors leading to chronic kidney disease are high blood pressure, smoking, obesity, family history of chronic kidney disease and being over 50 years of age.
In 2003 a Hong Kong study on the effect of a home exercise program based on Tai Chi in patients with end stage renal disease concluded that physically, patients with end stage renal disease benefit from home-based low-capacity aerobic exercise. A home-based program provides an alternative to outdoor and group exercise.